More commonly known as a nose job, rhinoplasty is a surgical procedure for correcting, reconstructing, or even aesthetically enhancing the nose. This is done by resolving nasal trauma or defects. Most patients usually ask to remove bumps, narrow or widen nostril widths, or even correct birth defects and other problems that could affect breathing.
In both surgeries, either an ears, eyes, nose, and throat, or EENT specialist (also known as an otolaryngologist), or a plastic surgeon will do the procedure. Sometimes, both will be present.
Surgical vs. Non-Surgical Rhinoplasty
These two types of rhinoplasty both involve reconstruction and altering its structure in some way for whatever purpose. However, the use of rhinoplasty is more commonly used for aesthetic purposes in many clinics in Singapore.
The main difference between surgical and non surgical nose job is the method of how surgeons in Singapore perform them. Non-surgical methods, to improve the look of the nose, are done using nose fillers. Surgical rhinoplasty uses instruments such as bone-scraping rasps, scalpels, and metal casts in order to support the healing, and can take several weeks of recovery.
Why Non-Surgical Rhinoplasty Is Preferred by Many
While a symmetrical nose plays an important role in facial physiognomy, traditional surgical nose jobs would require you to take weeks off for recovering because of pain and swelling post-operation, and can prevent the patient from going back to his/her daily activities for an extended period of time.
One of the advantages that non-surgical rhinoplasty has over its surgical counterpart is that the process is faster and much easier, with lesser downtime for the patient spent in recovery, and can be done in conjunction with other non-surgical treatments. Therefore, it’s possible to get a non-surgical rhinoplasty before or after any non-surgical aesthetic procedure for the body.
A modern nose filler will typically be a non-allergenic filler that will last for a few months up to a year, depending on its type. An example of a nose filler is calcium hydroxyapatite (Radiesse), a sturdy calcium-based filler that will last you between ten to fourteen months. Other types of nose filler include:
• Hyaluronic acid – This is the most commonly used type of nose filler in many aesthetic clinics. It is sold under many names, such as Juvederm, Restylane, and Voluma. While this filler lasts only for six months, it can be easily dissolved with an enzyme called hyaluronidase.
• Liquid silicone (Aquamind) – In some cases that call for more permanent versions of non-surgical rhinoplasty, medical silicone is injected in target areas of the patent’s nose using a micro-droplet technique.
• Polymethylmethacrylate – This type of filler, sold under the name Artefill, is made of inert, microscopic surgical beads and is packaged with bovine collagen. This means that it has to be injected over the course of several sessions, and also requires prior skin testing before the actual procedure.
Prior to injecting, topical anesthesia is usually applied. However, some physicians may choose to use local anesthesia, such as lidocaine injections, though this can result in the target area of injection being obscured.
A sterile syringe is used to inject the nose fillers on selected areas of the nasal skin, usually in the deep subcutaneous tissue immediately above the periosteum. This procedure takes ten to thirty minutes to be done—with fifteen minutes for consultation and fifteen minutes of numbing in an aesthetic clinic in Singapore.
Another advantage that non-surgical rhinoplasty has over traditional surgical rhinoplasty is that after the procedure, the patient can then resume their normal activities without having to worry too much about side effects from their new aesthetic procedure.
Moreover, any plans of doing other non-surgical aesthetic procedure for the body can certainly be done with the guidance of your doctor. Treatments for the face, however, may have to be delayed as the nose fillers need time to set in place.
Coolsculpting After Non-Surgical Nose Job?
As mentioned, getting another treatment after a non-surgical rhinoplasty is generally safe. As long as you have your doctor’s approval, there should be no problem at all.
So, if you are planning on losing a few extra pounds and your rhinoplasty doctor forbids you to do any strenuous activities that can affect the form of your nose, such as jogging or treadmill running (bouncing up and down can cause deformation of fillers in the nose), your best bet is coolsculpting.
Coolsculpting is a non-surgical cosmetic procedure that aims to help both men and women in eliminating stubborn fats in their bodies. The procedure only targets the fat cells in the problem area, leaving the surrounding cells healthy and undamaged. Plus, its results will start becoming more visible in one week’s time, as the dead fat cells are gradually flushed out of the body. However, this doesn’t guarantee forever-lasting results. Doctors highly suggest living a healthy lifestyle before and after doing coolsculpting to preserve your slimmer physique.
Therefore, once the nose fillers have set in place and your rhinoplasty doctor gives you the go signal to start exercising again, gradually work on your physical health to help maintain your coolsculpting results. For the meantime, eating a balanced diet does wonders for your slimmer body as well.
Property management is an important consideration when it comes to making sure that your property maintains its upkeep. Hiring a managing agent in Singapore can do a lot to help you not just with making a profit for your real estate, but also with making sure that your property increases in value over time.
Benefits of Property Management
Like all good things, prime real estate needs prime maintenance in order for it to make a profit. One way to maintain it as an investment real estate is by being a hands-on landlord yourself. However, if you don’t want to do that, this is where having a property manager comes in.
When it comes to buying real estate, a broker can also act as a managing agent or condo manager with property management included in their roster of services. These services include, but aren’t always limited to, the following:
1. Screening potential tenants – Managing agents all have a system of screening potential clients. These help to minimize accusations of discrimination, as well as filter out the best tenants that can not only pay for longer, but also pay on time and are less likely to cause any problems with your property.
A managing agent can also make sure that the property is marketed to as wide a tenant base as possible, which is something that you may find hard to do alone.
2. Rent collection – Aside form screening for tenants, managing agents can also set the initial rent level (which depends mostly on how much certain units of the property need to be priced in order to recover the investment and continue making a profit), they can also collect and adjust the rent in your absence.
Essentially, if you don’t want to manage the property yourself, hiring a property manager can free you up with having to look after the monthly upkeep.
3. Maintenance and repair services – Whether they are personally in charge of estate maintenance or hiring a third-party estate maintenance service, managing agents are more than capable of managing building maintenance in Singapore and making sure your property is in peak condition. Because of this, they often have large networks of reliable people who can do the job.
4. Budget management – A managing agent (or condo manager, depending on the type of property you want to invest in) also helps in detailing budget plans as well as establishing and keeping existing records, such as income, expenses, complaints, maintenance and repair costs, etc.
How Managing Agents Market Your Property
Properties that slowly become undesirable will at some point experience a dip in rent, which will leave you with a less attractive return on your investment real estate over time.
In order to make sure that you can still experience a profitable return on your investment, having a managing agent or condo manager for your investment real estate is essential – aside from their function in making sure the property appeals to potential tenants, they also have to market the property to said tenants.
Managing real estate in Singapore involves understanding the operating expenses and the level of budgeting required in order to keep these expenses manageable. The appropriate rental rates are estimated based on the existing costs needed to maintain the property and the increased percentage of return, among others.
How Managing Agents Price Rent for Your Property
Investment real estate works on a different way than most real estate properties, as they are used mostly as a source of income rather than a primary residence. There are also a lot of factors that your managing agent or condo manager needs to keep in mind when calculating the cost of rent for your properties and marketing it to potential tenants.
Depending on how lucrative the property is as a living space (i.e. the property’s condition, proximity to amenities, transport hubs, markets, etc.), the price can be made high or low.
Examining the “Buy-Low-Sell-High” Strategy
The phrase “buy low, sell high” has become a mantra seemingly ingrained in every real estate investment seminar, and has since been incorporated into every book and infomercial on the subject. However, this isn’t always as easy as it sounds – in fact, the principle is incredibly difficult to execute.
While your property may increase in market appreciation and accrue considerable market equity on paper over time, it’s important to prepare for when you reach an income cap, and the earnings start to decrease from then on. If your investment is located in an area with high appreciation rates, this can have a negative effect on your return rates.
There are existing exit strategies that you can use in order to avoid seeing your investment turn into a costly white elephant, such as reinvesting in new property or selling the existing property outright, though this may take some strategic planning with your managing agent in order to pull this off.
On Competitive Pricing
As a property owner, you may also need to embrace the possibility of competitive pricing. Your managing agent needs to do this in order to make the rent strike the balance between yours and the tenants’ interests is also something that a managing agent or condo manager needs to be able to do.
While the price of rent may seem disheartening to you at first, the profits that they will generate will eventually accumulate over time. Keep in mind that the results are not immediate – pouring your investment in real estate may not guarantee fast results, but the results are definitely guaranteed.
A lot of homeowners tend to do their plumbing works on their own for many different reasons. Some are motivated by being able to save money while for others, it’s the feeling of fixing your own property and being able to try out their own skills and craftsmanship.
However, not all repair jobs can be done by the average homeowner. There are some jobs that require the experience, expertise, and tools that can only be provided by reliable plumber. But when should you throw in the towel and let the professionals handle the plumbing works? Here are a few things that you should call a plumbing service for.
A regular maintenance schedule can help you avoid costly repairs. Pipes need to be regularly maintained to make sure that small fixes do not lead to larger, more expensive breakdowns. A reliable plumber has the knowledge to do a thorough inspection of your plumbing works, from detecting leaky pipes to clearing clogged drains.
During an inspection, a reliable plumbing company in Singapore will clean aerator heads on your faucets and shower heads. They will also clean garbage disposals and water heaters, conduct pressure tests to detect leaks, inspect your filter system, and test for lead.
2. Clogs and slow drains
Of course, clogs are some of the most urgent problems that your pipes can have. While you may try to clear the clog with a plunger, some clogs just won’t budge. This could be because your plunger is too small for the sewage line. Some homeowners go down and dirty by trying to break-up the clog themselves, but this could damage your porcelain, or cause further damage to your pipes.
To make sure that you don’t worsen the problem or have your efforts wasted, call an expert. If you already have a clog that is causing a flood, you will need plumbing services immediately. On the other hand, if a clog ever occurs at night, don’t hesitate to call a 24 hours plumber in Singapore.
Slow drains can be as much of an issue as clogged pipes. Water that drains slowly, such as those that could happen in sinks and tubs, can worsen to become full-blown clogs. It is always a good idea to call a plumber as soon as you notice water draining slower than usual.
3. Leaks and drips
Leaks and drips are a nuisance in many ways. Not only do they raise your water bill, costing you money on wasted water, they can also damage your property and belongings. Not only that, leaks can also be noisy and annoying. Leaky faucets and showers may be easy to fix; you may only need to change the washer or tighten a screw or two. However, if this doesn’t work, it’s time to call a professional plumber to make sure that you don’t waste any more water or damage your property further.
4. Reduced water flow
If instead of too much water it’s not enough water that’s your problem, it may mean that you need to call a plumbing contractor. Weak water pressure can mean that your shower’s aerator is clogged, or coated with residue. While you can remove and clean an aerator yourself, certain models can make DIY fixes overly complicated. If you try to force your way into unclogging an aerator, you may simply worsen the problem, so it is best to call a licensed plumber instead.
5. Inconsistent water pressure
An inconsistent water pressure is a tell-tale sign of bigger issues. Whether it’s just the pressure of a single pipe, or a problem with your entire house, it’s always a good idea to have it checked by a licensed plumber.
While the problem may be something as mundane as a clogged pipe, finding out the cause of the problem by yourself can very costly. Licensed plumbers have the tools and knowledge to figure out where the problem lies without having to manually check every pipe, saving you time and effort.
6. Visible water damage
Signs of water damage that is left untreated can mean great costs for you in the future. These signs can include water stains, mold, and discolored walls. It is a good idea to contact one of the many plumbing services in Singapore like http://www.superplumbers.sg/ the moment you notice any signs, as water can cause costly damage on your property and belongings.
7. Gurgling pipes
If your pipes gurgle whenever they are used, or moments after you have turned off a faucet or flushed the toilet, this means that your pipes are clogged. If they gurgle when they are not used, it may mean that air is being drawn into the drains, due to a blockage.
As the drains continue to be used, a back-up may occur. This may also cause sewage smells to occur in a building. If you hear gurgling sounds within your plumbing system, try to minimize water use and call a plumbing service immediately.
8. Major installations
When you’re installing major appliances or fixtures, you will need the expertise of a plumber. Trying to install an appliance yourself may cause avoidable repairs, and may even lead to a re-installation. Even if you will have to spend some money, a consultation with a plumbing service can save you time, effort and money in the long run.
You will also need the services or a plumber when doing remodels and renovations. When changing the structure of a room, you will often need to move appliances and fixtures around, which means that you may need to move supply lines and drains. If you attempt to do this yourself, you may end up ruining your lines, resulting in even more costs.
People have always been drinking water that is alkaline in nature, which happens when water passes over rocks (i.e. springs and other freshwater bodies) and pick up minerals that increase its alkalinity in the pH scale.
However, tap water in Singapore is mostly acidic in nature. It has a pH balance of 4.0 to 5.0, while alkaline water ionized and dispensed through an alkaline water ionizer is just between 8.0 and 9.0. There are many ways that you can test this, ranging from using litmus strips to even rice washings.
Many people today in Singapore drink water that has been ionized, usually via a chemical process known as electrolysis, to increase its alkalinity. This ionization process uses electricity to separate molecules that are either more acidic or more alkaline from the water, and the acidic water is then flushed out. But what exactly does alkaline water do to your body?
What Alkaline Water Does to Your Body
In countries such as Japan and Korea, an alkaline water ioniser machine is considered to be both medical and water treatment devices because of the health benefits of alkaline water.
While you may have heard and/or doubted many benefits of alkaline water, there are a few definite advantages that you need to keep in mind when it comes to drinking water with regulated or increased alkalinity:
• Alkaline water neutralizes acidity in the body, which is beneficial for those who are suffering from acid reflux or from high blood acidity.
• The reduction of acidity in the body, in turn, reduces the need for storing fat and cholesterol (fat and cholesterol are the body’s way of reducing acidity in the body), leading to weight loss.
• Added alkaline minerals in the water filter of an alkaline water ionizer help to restore the pH balance as well as add the much-needed minerals that are otherwise lost through other filters and ionizers.
• Drinking alkaline water helps promote the growth of probiotic bacteria in the gut, which need the alkaline pH balance in order to thrive.
• Ionized, or alkaline water from Singapore has another advantage over regular tap water in the form of antioxidant potential. The antioxidant potential of alkaline water binds to the free radicals which are acidic in nature, which then allows the body to process them as waste.
As much as drinking alkaline water is good for your body, it also has its own long-term effects (though these can also be mitigated). As long as you don’t drink alkaline water during meals that have meat or dairy products, or drink alkaline water when taking your medications (with the exceptions of vitamins), alkaline water should be a perfectly healthy choice.
How is Alkaline Water Made?
Alkaline water starts off as regular water from your tap and has to be converted. Regular tap water goes through an alkaline water ioniser machine, which is connected through your tap water system as an additional faucet or pipeline and takes as little as fifteen minutes to install.
Once the machine from http://www.h2olifesource.com/ in Singapore is connected to your water system, it is then treated through a process called electrolysis. The machine does this by siphoning off the water near the cathode, which contains increased levels of hydroxide, which is alkaline.
After the electrolysis, the ionized water passes through a water filter cartridge. The filter is comprised of a section of activated charcoal, where impurities are filtered out, and another section, where essential minerals that may have been filtered out by the charcoal are re-introduced.
Once the minerals are introduced into the water, the water exits to the machine’s tap, and you can then enjoy drinking your healthy alkaline water.
Choosing the Right Ionizer
One of the advantages of using an alkaline water ioniser machine is that you can adjust the alkalinity of the water depending on your needs. However, shopping for an alkaline water machine is not an easy talk.
In order to know how to choose an alkaline water machine for your home, it’s important to know what makes a good water machine. Alkaline water machines have four key features that allow it to do its job: pH/ORP Range, platers, filters, and lastly, the warranty.
• Filter – The filter is what removes the impurities from the water, which means you will need to find a machine that supports either a single or a dual filter system (though the latter is preferable.)
Choose the single filter system only if your water is already pure or neutral. However, if you find that the water quality is pure, you might need to choose a water machine that supports a dual filter system.
• Plates – Your ionizer works and/or functions more effectively because of the number and types of plates it supports. Three main types of plates exist: flat plates, which are the easiest to clean and are the most durable; and slotted and mesh plates, which are lighter and cost less.
• PH/ORP range – The ORP (Oxygen Reduction Potential) range is what measures the number of electrons in the water, and is the key advantage in using an alkaline water machine over regular tap water. A good water machine should provide both alkaline and acidic water and produce a high negative ORP output.
• Warranty – To avoid scams, you should only buy from a trusted and reputable company, especially when it comes to buying health products. Some of the things you can look for to know if a company is reputable are the factory compliance certification, a good warranty on factory defects and repair, and good customer ratings.
Protecting your intellectual property through trademarks prompts a cautious assessment of what trademarking entails. Simply put, a trademark is essentially a registered mark which is composed of a unique name, set of words, symbol, device, or a combination of these factors. These marks are primarily used to identify and distinguish a company from the rest – of which includes the specific products and services they offer.
Trademark registration also allows commercial companies to protect their products and stop competitors from using and/or misusing the same products and services. More than just the need to protect your brand, registered trademarks help in instilling brand loyalty among avid customers and in shaping their perceptions regarding the services you offer.
What makes a good trademark?
If you would like to perform a trademark registration in Singapore a trademark firm would likely urge you to come up with a distinct and unique name. It seems like the more exclusive your trademark sounds or appears like, the better it is at protecting your company – but that belief is entirely all up for debate, though.
Business owners often go with generic names initially, only to set their name into something more unique before they officially register trademark. Doing so makes them stand out from the rest of their competitors across the city-state. Hence, coming up with an effective trademark is crucial for any business endeavor.
In general, there are 5 types of brand names when it comes to trademarking:
Generic brand names encompass an entire group/class of products. This category is considerably the weakest; therefore, they cannot be legally trademarked in Singapore. Examples of this type would be words like: ‘Cold Beer’, ‘Smartphone’, or ‘Bread’. Even though they can’t be trademarked, you may still see these brand names on some commercial products.
These names are still effective, though. People tend to quickly associate them with the products and other commodities they need because they are simple and easy to remember. But because they are far too generic, these brand names cannot be used to register TM nor used exclusively by a single company.
A little step above the generic category is the descriptive brand names, which are still notably difficult to protect. They’re called descriptive because of the adjective/descriptor present before a generic word. You won’t have a hard time distinguishing generic names from descriptive ones. The presence of any descriptive word effectively kicks them up a notch than mere generic brand names.
Examples of descriptive trademarks include Burger King, Pizza Hut, and Holiday Inn – all of which has earned legal trademark protection. That means, corporate owners of these companies possess the right to prevent other establishments from copying their name or coming up with a brand name which is closely like theirs.
Suggestive brand names have greater chances of acquiring legal protection. Names such as Greyhound and Amazon are highly correlated with something else – thus they invoke the power of analogy. The word ‘greyhound’ generally refers to a certain dog breed, but in this case, it is a registered trademark for an intercity bus common carrier (Greyhound Lines, Inc.). Meanwhile, ‘Amazon’ is the name of a race of Greek female warriors, but the word is now trademarked for one of the biggest online shopping sites internationally.
Although they’re notably harder to market compared to other types of brand names, having suggestive marks make it easier for trademark registration company to register your trademark.
Perhaps one of the most interesting parts in trademark registration, the use of fanciful and unique names is also considered the easiest to protect. Using this category of brand names requires creativity and wittiness. Since they’re distinct, fun, and easily protected by the law – a lot of business start-ups opt to create or coin fanciful trademarks themselves.
This trend can be observed in the tech world, notably in brands such as Xerox (a global corporation which sells document solutions), Twitter (an online news and social networking service), and Google (a sought-after company specializing in Internet-related services and products).
The last category belongs to arbitrary brand names. These are names which appear to be generic, but they possess certain trademarkable traits because of the obvious way they’re used out of context. For instance, the global oil company Shell was able to trademark the name because the product and services they offer to the public are unrelated to ‘seashells’.
Another example would be “Apple” computers and smartphones. The tech giant gained trademark rights over the name because their business endeavor was not in line with selling produce. Obviously enough, not even a bit.
The process of trademark registration doesn’t just happen overnight. After you sign the documents, you need to give it time before the Intellectual Property Office of Singapore or other related government institutions review your application. Some cases take about 3-6 months of processing time, others even take up to years.
Companies who applied for generic and descriptive brand names were notably the ones who took time in waiting for their trademarks to be legally registered. The board must first ensure there’s no opposition from third parties and there’s no existing business which already uses the same name before they can bestow you the legal rights to protect your brand name.
To protect your brand efficiently, allot generous amount of time in brainstorming about potential trademark names. It is also encouraged to seek the assistance of trademark attorneys before you proceed on applying for your trademark to reduce any chances of errors and fines.
If you were referred by your general physician to the best psychologist in Singapore, you will most likely undergo a form of psychotherapy during your treatment. The psychology center might also refer you to a psychiatrist if you need medication for your emotional or mental distress while working closely with a psychotherapist who specializes in a psychotherapy that can best address your problems.
What is Psychotherapy?
Psychotherapy is also known as talk therapy, because unlike the primary treatment method used by a psychiatrist, a recommended psychologist or psychotherapist is concerned with the emotional and mental well-being of the person (the psychiatrist deals with the physical symptoms of severe mental and emotional illnesses, although they can also perform counselling or psychotherapy). If you were recommended to a psychology center at a hospital for relationship counselling for example, it means that the doctor things you need to be able to deal with issues in your life in a focused and constructive way.
Now, all mental and emotional distress will need medication unless the symptoms interrupt your daily life, that is why people go through counselling for issues related to relationships, work, and painful experiences. Even those without any mental distress can also seek help when they are going through difficult times in their career, marriage, and a stressful condition. One such example is marriage counselling, which will help couples deal with difficult issues such as divorce.
Generally, psychotherapy is grouped into behavior therapy, psychoanalysis and psychodynamic therapy, cognitive therapy, humanistic-existential therapy, and holistic therapy. During your treatment, you might encounter any of these psychotherapeutic methods at the psychology center.
Dialectical Behavior Therapy. This type of cognitive behavior approach is recommended by a psychologist for patients with suicidal tendencies and borderline personality disorder. The method was developed by Marsha Linehan to help patients manage their thoughts and actions.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. This approach deals with both the person’s beliefs and thoughts and how these factors affect the mood and actions. You will encounter this method during counselling sessions with a psychologist for addictions. The psychologist in Singapore will help the patients bring awareness to a pattern of thinking or any unhealthy action, habits, and behavior. The term cognitive-behavioral emphasizes the connection between how a person sees things, what he/she tells himself/herself, and the feelings and acts that result from those two.
Interpersonal Therapy. This approach may be recommended by the psychology center for patients with depression, especially when the illness is related to unhealthy or dysfunctional relationships at home or at work. This may be used during a relationship counselling and a marriage counselling, due to the stressful nature of the problem. The goal is to help the patients determine how the bouts of depression can cause more problems and how they are supposed to deal with it through improved communication with other people.
Family Systems Therapy. The psychologist in Singapore will also refer to this as marriage counselling or relationship counselling, although other members of the family are also encouraged to attend the talk therapy. The goal is to change or to nurture the good relationship of the family members. Why should a family undergo this type of talk therapy? It comes from the idea that a person’s emotional and mental well-being may be understood in a larger context instead of looking at the individual only.
By being able to understand the dynamics within a certain group (the family), the psychologist might be able to help everyone who is affected. It’s not about exposing “dirty family secrets” to a stranger, but to address how these issues affect other life aspects of the family members. The psychologist might use different techniques (communication training, genogram, and systemic interpretation) and other talk therapies during the treatment.
Psychodynamic Therapy. This talk therapy is used with other psychotherapy methods to help patients with various mental disorders become aware and to understand their own actions. The psychologist will guide the patient in understanding how the non-conscious feeling can affect their behavior.
Hypnotherapy. This might sound like it’s straight from a suspense or horror film, but clinical hypnosis has been shown to be effective in treating emotional and mental disorders. The psychologist places the patient in a trance-like state to make them focus on hypnotic suggestions to break destructive habits or to help them relax. Don’t worry though, because the psychologist isn’t going to turn you into a mindless doll. The effect is less dramatic than that, because the method only uses relaxation and repetition to help the patient.
Expressive Therapy. As the name suggests, this method helps patients through music, art, writing, drama, and other forms of art. The approach can be used for a variety of problems including learning disabilities and mild depression. Expressive therapy stems from the belief that people can heal themselves through creative expression.
Cognitive-Behavioral Hypnotherapy. This approach uses both the cognitive behavior therapy and hypnosis to help patients deal with pain and trauma. The method is usually recommended for patients with anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, habit disorders, and sexual dysfunction. The use of this method is based on the belief of the cognitive mediation’s role in learning, which means that the person’s pattern of thoughts will determine how he/she will respond to stimuli. By using suggestive hypnosis, the psychologist hopes to help the patient mediate the patient’s belief system and consequently change his/her actions and thoughts gradually.
Play Therapy. You will usually find this approach used by a child psychologist, because play can help the child create a connection with the psychotherapist. Research suggests that it is possible to understand a child’s problem by observing how he/she plays. A child psychologist is well-trained in dealing with children, who are usually more expressive of their thoughts and emotions than adults.
Through a proper diagnosis the psychologist can help the child become empathic, expressive, and respectful in their expressions. This is recommended for children who have experienced trauma, abuse, family crisis, and those who have an illness, learning disability, depression, autism spectrum, and behavioral disorders.
The terms cardiac arrest and heart attack have been often interchangeably used by a number of people in Singapore, but these two conditions differ from each other. While a great number of heart attacks do not necessarily lead to a cardiac arrest, having a heart attack is one common cause of a cardiac arrest.
What is a cardiac arrest?
Ask any cardiologist and they’re likely to let you know that a cardiac arrest is more of an ‘electrical’ problem. The condition happens when the heart begins to malfunction and unexpectedly stops beating. Your heart specialist would say the condition is caused by an electrical malfunction in the heart, which is the reason why you have an abnormal heartbeat or Arrhythmia.
Since the normal pumping pattern of the organ is disrupted, it cannot pump enough blood for the lungs, brain, and other organs for their usual functioning.
What happens during a cardiac arrest?
When a cardiac arrest happens, the patient turns unresponsive and may even stop breathing or only gasp. It can also be fatal, thus immediate treatment by a cardiologist from Singapore must be provided to the victim in order to prevent serious complications. Knowing the nearest heart doctor or cardiology center helps in such times of emergency.
What should you do?
You don’t need to be the best cardiologist in Singapore to provide assistance to a victim suffering from cardiac arrest. As a matter of fact, the condition can be reversible if it’s treated immediately within the first few minutes. Don’t forget to call emergency medical services for help (995), and begin to give cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) if you have adequate medical background.
By the time an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) is made available, make sure the patient uses it as soon as possible. Given the chances of a cardiac arrest occurring at the most unlikely places during the most unlikely hours, if two people are available to assist the patient – one should provide CPR while the other must remain calm and stern in calling 995 and finding an available AED nearby.
What is a heart attack?
Contrary to a cardiac arrest’s ‘electrical’ problem, a heart specialist would know that a heart attack is more of a ‘circulation’ problem. The condition occurs when the regular blood flow to the heart is blocked. Having a blocked artery may prevent the blood (which carries oxygen) to reach a particular section of the heart.
Any cardiologist knows how a heart attack can be dangerous. If the blocked artery is not immediately reopened, the specific part of the heart which normally gets nourished by that particular artery begins to perish and cease to fulfill normal function.
What happens during a heart attack?
If you frequently visit your cardiologist for a heart screening, you can ask them about the common symptoms of a heart attack for your knowledge. This would help you deal with the problem during the unfortunate moment it may happen to you or a loved one.
Common symptoms of a heart attack include the following: shortness of breath, intense discomfort in the chest (general upper body), nausea/vomiting, and cold sweats. It is important to note that these symptoms tht you can read from http://www.harleystreet.sg/blog/heart-health-get-screened-by-a-good-cardiologist-in-singapore/ begin to appear in a gradual pace, meaning it may persist for days or even weeks before the occurrence of a heart attack.
Contrary to a cardiac arrest, the heart typically doesn’t cease to beat in the event of a heart attack. However, the longer the person remains untreated and unassessed by a heart doctor, the greater damage the heart attack may inflict on him/her.
Heart attack symptoms may also vary between genders. For instance, women may experience different symptoms compared to men. This may include nausea/vomiting, shortness of breath, and jaw or back pain.
What should you do?
A heart attack may happen to just about anyone regardless of healthy heart results during your regular heart screening procedure. Because of varying age, gender, or lifestyle factors – anyone can be prone to the risk of a mild or acute heart attack at some point in time.
In dealing with a heart attack, you must first call 995 in Singapore for emergency medical assistance. Remember that every second matters. Calling the emergency medical services (EMS) right away can help you get the patient to the emergency room as soon as possible. This is important; considering the longer you prolong treatment to a heart attack victim, the greater danger he/she might face in the future.
Treatment can begin as soon as emergency medical professionals arrive at the scene. They are trained to handle emergency circumstances with ease, and some staff are even well-versed at trying to revive someone whose heart has ceased to beat. Heart attack patients who arrive by the ambulance car are also likely to receive faster treatment at the hospital, increasing the chances of survival.
What’s the link between the two?
Generally, heart attacks do not lead further to a full-blown cardiac arrest. But a heart attack is one common cause in the event of a cardiac arrest. The link between the two conditions is so close that a lot of people mistakenly refer to one condition as the other and vice versa.
There are also other health conditions which may disrupt the natural rhythm of the heart. Oftentimes, these cases lead to a cardiac arrest.
Every second counts in the event of a cardiac arrest or a heart attack. Even if you remain unsure which condition is the patient suffering from, whether it’s a heart attack or a full-blown cardiac arrest, always seek emergency medical help ASAP the moment you notice the symptoms. Keep a watchful eye out for red flags, as they might save your life in the long run.
Note: This list is compiled in no particular order.
Unlike adults learning to ride the bicycle for the first time, children will eventually outgrow their bikes even if you make it a point to upgrade the bicycle accessories as the child’s skills improve. So, is there a difference in the type of bicycle an adult beginner needs from a young beginner?
When choosing your child’s first bike at the bicycle shop in Singapore, you need to take note of these factors.
1. Bike Size. The first thing to consider is finding the right bike size for your child’s age and height, not only because he/she will have a hard time handling a large bike, but more importantly, choosing the wrong size could lead to accidents. While trying the bicycle is the surest way to determine if it’s the right size for your child, there is also a formula that you can follow when looking for a new bike at the bicycle shop.
• Seat Height. This category is the most accurate way to tell if the child is using the right bike size. Although there are recommendations of bike sizes in bicycle shops for certain ages, the height of the child should be the determining factor. The height of the handlebar versus minimum seat height also differ among brands, that is why it’s better to let the kid try the bike before purchasing.
• Bike Pedal. Children will need special pedals for their first bicycle, especially if they are still learning how to balance or are not yet used to using the brakes. The attendant at any bicycle shop in Singapore might recommend models with pedals that match the minimum seat height to make it easier for the child to use his/her feet when stopping the bike.
• Standover Height. This refers to the height required by the bicycle rider to stand over the bike. For children, a minimum of 1 to 2 inches of clearance between the inseam and the top tube is required to avoid any injuries.
• Tire Size. This refers to the diameter of the bicycle tires, but looking for the right size can be tricky because not all brands recommend the same tire size for children. Depending on your child’s height, you can start with a 12-inch tire or a 14-inch tire. Most brands recommend the 12-inch tire for kids 4 years and younger, while the largest tires at 2 inches are recommended for kids 7 to 10 years. This should only serve as a guide, however.
2. Bike Weight. Although ideally, a child’s bike should weigh less than 40% of his/her body weight, most bikes are essentially heavy. The trick is to find the lightest bicycle at the bicycle shop with a quality and sturdy frame and complete bicycle accessories, such as handbrakes.
3. Bike Width. This refers to the distance between the edges of the inside of the pedals or the Q-factor. When trying out bicycles at the bicycle shop in Singapore, look for models that will allow your child to create efficient pedal stroke without having to splay his/her legs too far apart.
4. Bike Accessories. If your child is still new to the hobby, make sure to purchase bicycle accessories that will help prevent any injuries, such as; coaster brakes, hand brakes, reflectors, training wheels for beginners or specialty handbrakes. You should also include safety bicycle accessories such as a helmet, elbow pads, and knee pads.